Alpha-pinene: Alpha-pinene is a terpene common in cannabis but can also be found in pine trees and various other coniferous plants. This is very important for helping people to focus better and concentrate on the fine details of the task at hand.  It is also a great bronchodilator helping to improve lung function and cardiovascular efficiency. Like many other terpenes, it reduces inflammation and interferes with bacterial growth.


Alpha terpineol:  Alpha terpineol is a terpene that has a lilac type odor and is widely used in the perfume industry. It reduces the capability for movement in lab rats by 45% and is quite deeply sedating when inhaled. 


Antioxidant: a substance that inhibits oxidation that counteracts the cell damaging effects of free radicals and oxidative stress. Oxidative stress has been linked to aging and many common disorders such as arthritis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s.  Blueberries, Cacao, Goji Berries, Grapeseed and Vitamins C and E get most of the attention, however, that can change quickly as the world learns about the incredibly powerful antioxidizing effects of full spectrum hemp, in general, and CBD in particular.


Beta-Caryophyllene: Beta-caryophyllene is one of the most common terpenes in full spectrum hemp oil.  It is a very powerful anti-inflammatory substance as well as an antibacterial.  Beta-caryophyllene also acts as an analgesic, especially on nerve pain.  Additionally, it is good for digestion and stomach ulcers and improves attitude and elevates mood.  Most interestingly, beta-caryophyllene binds to CB2 receptors and improves immune system function.  Beta-caryophyllene can be found in broccoli and leafy green vegetables as well as in cloves.


Beta Myrcene:  Beta myrcene is one of the more common terpenes in cannabis and is great for relaxing muscles.  It is also a powerful analgesic, and like most other terpenes, is an anti-inflammatory substance.


Boswellic Acid: Boswellic acid is more known as a terpene that appears in the resin of the plant Boswellia serreta, but it is also an important part of the terpene profile that is found in full spectrum hemp.  Pilot clinical studies do in fact suggest that boswellic acid promotes pain control and dampens inflammation in osteoarthritis and colitis and helps to control brain swelling associated with radiotherapy of cerebral tumors.  It has also been found to have many other anti-inflammatory effects.


CannabisA scientific botanical (plant) term used to refer to the plant genus Cannabis which is the only plant on earth that contains a wide range of highly unique compounds called cannabinoids. Both industrial hemp and marijuana belong to the genus cannabis.


Cannabis Oil: : Cannabis oil is a general term used to refer to oil processed from either hemp or marijuana. Today, commonly, most people refer to cannabis oil as oil coming from marijuana. 


Cannabinoids: any of a group of closely related compounds that include cannabinol and the active constituents of cannabis. It is estimated today that there are approximately 144 different cannabinoids in cannabis.



CBC:  CBC is short for cannabichromene.  It is the second most prevalent cannabinoid in many strains of cannabis or hemp.  And it is even more unique, in that it lasts in the body far longer time periods than other cannabinoids, making it one of the most powerful cannabinoids known.

CBD: CBD can negate the intoxicating “high” effects of THC. CBD is the main cannabinoid found in the hemp plant and is being studied in medical schools and Universities worldwide for an increasing number of healthful and beneficial effects.


CBDA: CBDA is the acid precursor to CBD.  CBDA becomes CBD when heated.  For now, it is safe to say that CBDA appears to have effects in controlling nausea as well as inhibiting the growth of cancer cells.  Like many other cannabinoids, it also is a potent anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial compound.


CBD Oil: An oil made from hemp which has a high percentage of CBD


CBG: CBG and its acid precursor CBGA can be considered the “stem cells” for all cannabinoids in that all cannabinoids spring from them.  CBG has many important effects in the body including fostering muscle relaxation and anti-anxiety responses.  CBG has also been proven to be a COX-2 inhibitor having many anti-inflammatory properties similar to aspirin, ibuprofen and other NSAIDs, however, it has none of the negative side effects common with NSAIDs. Like CBD, CBG has been shown to inhibit the effects of THC making it an anti-psychoactive substance.


CBN: When THC interacts with oxygen, it becomes CBN.  CBN is not psychoactive but it is a very powerful central nervous system depressant.  As a sedative and anti-anxiety compound, 5 mgs. of CBN has proven equally powerful to 10 mgs. of Valium.  CBN also shows great promise in treating certain sleeping disorders like insomnia and in alleviating nerve pain. 


Citronellol: Citronellol is a terpene that can be found in cannabis but is more often found in roses and geraniums.  While forms of this terpene are associated with repelling insects like mosquitos, the real power of citronellol is in its sedating effects after inhalation.  When inhaled, this terpene causes mice to move around 75 percent less than normal. 


Flavonoids: A second major non-cannabinoid beneficial group of plant compounds found in cannabis and hemp are flavonoids.  Everyone associates the unique smell of a cannabis strain to its terpene profile but that unique smell is also produced in part by its flavonoids. Some flavonoids, like quercetin, luteolin and kaempferol, naturally appear in cannabis as well in many other varieties of plants. However, flavonoids that are unique to cannabis are called cannaflavins, and they don’t just smell good, they are biochemically active. For example, cannaflavin A has been found to reduce inflammation by inhibiting the inflammatory molecule PGE-2, something that aspirin does only cannaflavin A does it 30 times more effectively than aspirin.  Flavonoids can also interact with estrogen receptors, act as potent antioxidants or inhibit many different enzymatic processes.


Full Spectrum Cannabis Oil: Cannabis oil with all cannabinoids, including CBD, as well as terpenes, flavonoids, and other phytonutrients in their natural ratios. This could be made from industrial hemp or could be made from marijuana which would then also contain THC.


Full Spectrum Hemp Oil: Cannabis oil with all legal cannabinoids, including CBD, as well as terpenes, flavonoids, and other phytonutrients in their natural ratios. Made from industrial hemp, it has low to no THC content.


Hemp: Hemp is a plant that delivers incredibly diverse products including healthy oils that are very high in a single cannabinoid referred to as CBD and low in another cannabinoid referred to as THC.


Hemp Oil: CBD rich cannabis oil which is a product manufactured from the stalks of the hemp plant itself, not the seeds, and it is intended to be a source of beneficial and  healthful cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids.


Hemp Seed Oil: Oil pressed out of the seeds of the hemp plant. It is meant to be used for cooking, as a salad dressing, or as an Omega 3 supplement and has little to no CBD or THC. It is also very popular in skin care products.


Inflammation: Inflammation is your body’s response to challenges, illness or trauma.


Isolate: A single molecule e.g CBD by itself with no other terpenes, cannabinoids or flavonoids.


Limonene: Limonene is another very common terpene found in cannabis.  It has been found to stimulate the immune system, decrease bacterial load and to decrease tumors.   Additionally, it treats anxiety and depression as well as gastric issues such as reflux and ulcers.  Limonene is also a great natural insect repellant.


Linalool: Linalool is a terpene that has been shown to have its major effect on reducing stress and anxiety and on improving the function of common anti-depressant medications.  It has also been shown to be useful for reducing the symptoms of severe mental illnesses, such as various types of psychosis.  Finally, linalool has been proven to reduce seizures during certain types of epilepsy.  Having a rich floral scent, it is common to find linalool in perfumes.


Marijuana: Marijuana plants are very high in a single psychoactive cannabinoid referred to as THC and very low in another cannabinoid referred to as CBD.


Terpenes: Terpenes are the first major non-cannabinoid group with aromatic, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties – among other beneficial effects.  For example, terpenes like pinene and Eucalyptol/1,8-Cineole counteracts sluggishness by providing mental alertness and focus, while others like myrcene and borneol are sedative and calming.   The terpenes can influence behavior by directly binding to receptor sites or by affecting intermediary chemical messengers such as neurotransmitters like GABA, dopamine or serotonin.  Even more powerfully, terpenes when inhaled can directly target receptor groups in various parts of the brain and influence behavior in that way as well.


THC: THC is the psychoactive substance that gives people a feeling of being “high”, and is the cannabinoid found in the strongest concentration in the marijuana plant.  THC, practically speaking, is derived from the flowering tops (buds) and the resin of the marijuana plant. 


Whole Plant Extract: A heat and pressure free extract from a plant which ensures the integrity of a majority of the phytonutrients and natural compounds found in the original, living plant itself.

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